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[安装] Oracle 低代码平台 Apex 最新版本 23.2 安装过程

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发表于 2024-2-17 01:21:15 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
趁春节快结束前,安装了一把APEX ,到目前为此,APEX最新版本为23.2,23.2和21版本有一些变化,只是用于验证,我
是使用的单独模式,没有安装TOMAT,下面列一下安装过程:

1.环境
    ORACLE LINUX 9.3
    GI 19.22
    ORACLE 19.22
    CDB
    APEX 23.2

2.使用PDB用于 APEX
   当然,NON-CDB 也是可以的
  sql> alter system set db_create_file_dest='+data';
   sql> create pluggable database pdbapex admin user pdbapex identified by oracle_4U;
   sql>alter pluggable database pdbapex open;
   sql>alter pluggable database pdbapex save state;

3.为APEX和ORDS创建单独的表空间
   sql>alter session set container=pdbapex;
   sql>create tablespace tsp_apex datafile size 1g autoextend on;
   sql>create tablespace tsp_ords datafile size 100m autoextend on;

4.指定APEX安装目录
   APEX包含APEX和ORDS安装
    APEX安装于 /u01/app/apex
    ords 安装于 /u01/app/ords

    # mkdir -p /u01/app/{apex,ords}
    # chown -R oracle:dba /u01/app/{apex,ords}
    # chmod -R 775 /u01/app/{apex,ords}

5.下载apex和ords的安装文件
    https://download.oracle.com/otn_software/apex/apex_23.2.zip  --选择多语言版本
    https://download.oracle.com/otn_ ... 23.4.0.346.1619.zip

6.解压APEX
    [oracle@dbserver app]$ pwd
    /u01/app

    [oracle@dbserver app]$ unzip apex/apex_23.2.zip .

    [oracle@dbserver apex]$ ls
apex_23.2.zip    apexins_nocdb.sql           appins.sql          apxdvins_cdb.sql    apxpatch.sql        apxrtins1.sql       apxsilentins.sql  coreins5.sql  install2024-02-16_15-42-38.log
apexins1.sql     apexins.sql                 apxappcon.sql       apxdvins_nocdb.sql  apxremov1.sql       apxrtins2.sql       builder           coreins.sql   LICENSE.txt
apexins2.sql     apex_rest_config_cdb.sql    apxchpwd.sql        apxdvins.sql        apxremov2.sql       apxrtins3.sql       core              dbcsconf.sql  load_trans.sql
apexins3.sql     apex_rest_config_core.sql   apxdevrm_cdb.sql    apxdwngrd.sql       apxremov_cdb.sql    apxrtins_cdb.sql    coreins2.sql      dbcsins.sql   ords
apexins_adb.sql  apex_rest_config_nocdb.sql  apxdevrm_nocdb.sql  apxpatch_cdb.sql    apxremov_nocdb.sql  apxrtins_nocdb.sql  coreins3.sql      devins.sql    utilities
apexins_cdb.sql  apex_rest_config.sql        apxdevrm.sql        apxpatch_nocdb.sql  apxremov.sql        apxrtins.sql        coreins4.sql      images

     [oracle@dbserver ords]$ cd ords
     [oracle@dbserver ords]$ pwd
     /u01/app/ords
     [oracle@dbserver ords]$
     [oracle@dbserver ords]$ ls -l ords-23.4.0.346.1619.zip
     -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 114754880 Feb 16 11:55 ords-23.4.0.346.1619.zip
     [oracle@dbserver ords]$ unzip ords-23.4.0.346.1619.zip

     [oracle@dbserver ords]$ ls -ltr
     total 222144
     drwxr-xr-x  4 oracle oinstall        38 Mar 27  2023 scripts
     drwxr-xr-x  7 oracle oinstall        93 Mar 27  2023 examples
     drwxr-xr-x  3 oracle oinstall        17 Nov 24 17:50 lib
     drwxr-xr-x  2 oracle oinstall        28 Nov 24 17:50 icons
     -rw-r--r--  1 oracle oinstall       365 Dec 12 05:35 THIRD-PARTY-LICENSES.txt
     -rw-r--r--  1 oracle oinstall       210 Dec 12 05:35 NOTICE.txt
     -rw-r--r--  1 oracle oinstall      5996 Dec 12 05:35 LICENSE.txt
     -rw-r--r--  1 oracle oinstall 112653905 Dec 12 16:36 ords.war
     drwxr-xr-x  3 oracle oinstall        86 Dec 12 16:36 linux-support
     drwxr-xr-x  3 oracle oinstall        21 Dec 12 16:36 docs
     drwxr-xr-x  2 oracle oinstall        34 Dec 12 16:36 bin
     -rw-r--r--  1 root   root     114754880 Feb 16 11:55 ords-23.4.0.346.1619.zip
     drwxr-xr-x 29 oracle oinstall     28672 Feb 16 14:27 images
     drwxr-xr-x  2 oracle oinstall       102 Feb 16 16:03 logs
     [oracle@dbserver ords]$


7.安装APEX
    cd /u01/app/apex
    sqlplus / as sysdba
    sql>alter session set container=pdbapex;
    sql>@apexins.sql tsp_apex tsp_apex temp /i/

8.修改apex管理员密码
    密码设置为oracle_4U
  SQL> @apxchpwd.sql
...set_appun.sql
================================================================================
This script can be used to change the password of an Oracle APEX
instance administrator. If the user does not yet exist, a user record will be
created.
================================================================================
Enter the administrator's username [ADMIN]
User "ADMIN" does not yet exist and will be created.
Enter ADMIN's email [ADMIN] zq@cqsztech.com
Enter ADMIN's password []     -- oracle_4U
Created instance administrator ADMIN.

9.解锁APEX_PUBLIC_USER账号及密码
  alter user APEX_REST_PUBLIC_USER identified by oracle_4U account unlock;

10.启用rest

SQL> @apex_rest_config.sql

Enter a password for the APEX_LISTENER user              []   --密码统一为oracle_4U
Enter a password for the APEX_REST_PUBLIC_USER user              [] --密码统一为oracle_4U
...set_appun.sql
...setting session environment
...create APEX_LISTENER and APEX_REST_PUBLIC_USER users
...grants for APEX_LISTENER and ORDS_METADATA user
SYS>

以上执行完,在dba_users中,多了以上两个用户

11.安装中文语音包 (apex_230200)
cd /u01/app/apex/builder/zh-cn
sqlplus / as sysdba
sql>alter session set container=pdbapex;
sql>@load_zh-cn.sql

12.配置网络策略
sql>alter session set container=pdbapex;

BEGIN
    DBMS_NETWORK_ACL_ADMIN.APPEND_HOST_ACE(
        host => '*',
        ace => xs$ace_type(privilege_list => xs$name_list('connect'),
                           principal_name => 'APEX_230200',
                           principal_type => xs_acl.ptype_db));
END;

13.设置环境变量

# mkdir -p /work/dbtools-dev/config

# chown -R oracle:dba /work/dbtools-dev/config
# chmod -R 775 /work/dbtools-dev/config

# mkdir -p /etc/ords/config

# chown -R oracle:dba /etc/ords/config
# chmod -R 775 /etc/ords/config

su - oracle
echo -e 'export PATH="$PATH:/u01/app/ords/bin"' >> ~/.bash_profile
source ~/.bash_profile

export ORDS_CONFIG=/etc/ords/config
export  JDK_JAVA_OPTIONS=-Dconfig.url=/work/dbtools-dev/config/

14.安装 ords
  [oracle@dbserver ords]$ ords install

   NOTE: Picked up JDK_JAVA_OPTIONS: -Dconfig.url=/work/dbtools-dev/config/

ORDS: Release 23.4 Production on Fri Feb 16 05:34:13 2024

Copyright (c) 2010, 2024, Oracle.

Configuration:
  /etc/ords/config/

The configuration folder /etc/ords/config does not contain any configuration files.

Oracle REST Data Services - Interactive Install

  Enter a number to select the type of installation
    [1] Install or upgrade ORDS in the database only
    [2] Create or update a database pool and install/upgrade ORDS in the database
    [3] Create or update a database pool only
  Choose [2]:  --直接回车选择2
  Enter a number to select the database connection type to use
    [1] Basic (host name, port, service name)
    [2] TNS (TNS alias, TNS directory)
    [3] Custom database URL
  Choose [1]:  --直接回车,选择1
  Enter the database host name [localhost]:
  Enter the database listen port [1521]:
  Enter the database service name [orclcdb]: pdbapex   --按实际输入
  Provide database user name with administrator privileges.
    Enter the administrator username: sys          --sys用户
  Enter the database password for SYS AS SYSDBA:       --sys的密码
Connecting to database user: SYS AS SYSDBA url: jdbc:oracle:thin:@//localhost:1521/pdbapex

Retrieving information.
  Enter the default tablespace for ORDS_METADATA and ORDS_PUBLIC_USER [SYSAUX]: tsp_ords
  Enter the temporary tablespace for ORDS_METADATA and ORDS_PUBLIC_USER [TEMP]: temp
  Enter a number to select additional feature(s) to enable:
    [1] Database Actions  (Enables all features)
    [2] REST Enabled SQL and Database API
    [3] REST Enabled SQL
    [4] Database API
    [5] None
  Choose [1]:    --直接回车,启用所有功能
  Enter a number to configure and start ORDS in standalone mode
    [1] Configure and start ORDS in standalone mode
    [2] Skip
  Choose [1]:   --我这里是直接选择的独立模式,1
  Enter a number to select the protocol
    [1] HTTP
    [2] HTTPS
  Choose [1]:
  Enter the HTTP port [8080]:  --直接回车
  Enter the APEX static resources location: /u01/app/apex/images   --这个注意选择实际图片的位置,如果选择错误,后面进入APEX会报错
The setting named: db.connectionType was set to: basic in configuration: default
The setting named: db.hostname was set to: localhost in configuration: default
The setting named: db.port was set to: 1521 in configuration: default
The setting named: db.servicename was set to: pdbapex in configuration: default
The setting named: plsql.gateway.mode was set to: proxied in configuration: default
The setting named: db.username was set to: ORDS_PUBLIC_USER in configuration: default
The setting named: db.password was set to: ****** in configuration: default
The setting named: feature.sdw was set to: true in configuration: default
The global setting named: database.api.enabled was set to: true
The setting named: restEnabledSql.active was set to: true in configuration: default
The setting named: security.requestValidationFunction was set to: ords_util.authorize_plsql_gateway in configuration: default
The global setting named: standalone.http.port was set to: 8080
The global setting named: standalone.static.path was set to: /u01/app/apex/ords/images/
The global setting named: standalone.static.context.path was set to: /i
The global setting named: standalone.context.path was set to: /ords
The global setting named: standalone.doc.root was set to: /etc/ords/config/global/doc_root
2024-02-16T05:38:27.316Z INFO        Created folder /u01/app/ords/logs
2024-02-16T05:38:27.317Z INFO        The log file is defaulted to the current working directory located at /u01/app/ords/logs
2024-02-16T05:38:27.401Z INFO        Installing Oracle REST Data Services version 23.4.0.r3461619 in PDBAPEX
2024-02-16T05:38:29.366Z INFO        ... Verified database prerequisites
2024-02-16T05:38:29.986Z INFO        ... Created Oracle REST Data Services proxy user
2024-02-16T05:38:31.158Z INFO        ... Created Oracle REST Data Services schema
2024-02-16T05:38:32.130Z INFO        ... Granted privileges to Oracle REST Data Services
2024-02-16T05:38:35.984Z INFO        ... Created Oracle REST Data Services database objects
2024-02-16T05:38:51.981Z INFO        Completed installation for Oracle REST Data Services version 23.4.0.r3461619. Elapsed time: 00:00:24.541

2024-02-16T05:38:52.103Z INFO        Completed configuring PL/SQL gateway user for Oracle REST Data Services version 23.4.0.r3461619. Elapsed time: 00:00:00.116

2024-02-16T05:38:52.103Z INFO        Log file written to /u01/app/ords/logs/ords_install_2024-02-16_053827_31798.log
2024-02-16T05:38:52.352Z INFO        HTTP and HTTP/2 cleartext listening on host: 0.0.0.0 port: 8080
2024-02-16T05:38:52.407Z INFO        Disabling document root because the specified folder does not exist: /etc/ords/config/global/doc_root
2024-02-16T05:38:52.408Z INFO        Default forwarding from / to contextRoot configured.
2024-02-16T05:38:56.989Z INFO        Configuration properties for: |default|lo|
db.servicename=pdbapex
standalone.context.path=/ords
db.hostname=localhost
db.password=******
conf.use.wallet=true
security.requestValidationFunction=ords_util.authorize_plsql_gateway
standalone.static.context.path=/i
database.api.enabled=true
db.username=ORDS_PUBLIC_USER
standalone.http.port=8080
standalone.static.path=/u01/app/apex/ords/images/
restEnabledSql.active=true
resource.templates.enabled=false
plsql.gateway.mode=proxied
db.port=1521
feature.sdw=true
config.required=true
db.connectionType=basic
standalone.doc.root=/etc/ords/config/global/doc_root

2024-02-16T05:38:56.990Z WARNING     *** jdbc.MaxLimit in configuration |default|lo| is using a value of 20, this setting may not be sized adequately for a production environment ***
2024-02-16T05:38:56.991Z WARNING     *** jdbc.InitialLimit in configuration |default|lo| is using a value of 3, this setting may not be sized adequately for a production environment ***
2024-02-16T05:39:01.635Z INFO        

Mapped local pools from /etc/ords/config/databases:
  /ords/                              => default                        => VALID     


2024-02-16T05:39:01.850Z INFO        Oracle REST Data Services initialized
Oracle REST Data Services version : 23.4.0.r3461619
Oracle REST Data Services server info: jetty/10.0.18
Oracle REST Data Services java info: OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM 11.0.22+7-LTS



针对前面的选择,可以使用 ords config list 列出设置

[oracle@dbserver ~]$ ords config list

ORDS: Release 23.4 Production on Fri Feb 16 06:07:02 2024

Copyright (c) 2010, 2024, Oracle.

Configuration:
  /etc/ords/config/

Database pool: default

Setting                              Value                               Source     
----------------------------------   ---------------------------------   -----------
database.api.enabled                 true                                Global     
db.connectionType                    basic                               Pool      
db.hostname                          localhost                           Pool      
db.password                          ******                              Pool Wallet


15.卸载APEX
  如果安装出现了问题,可以卸载

  卸载 apex
  cd /u01/app/apex
  sql>conn / as sysdba;
  sql>alter session set container=pdbapex;
  sql> @apxremov.sql

  卸载 ords
  $ ords uninstall   --回车即可卸载

16.拷贝Apex的静态文件到ords目录
  cp -r /u01/app/apex/images /u01/app/ords

17.设置开机自启动

# cat > /etc/systemd/system/ords.service << EOF

[Unit]

Description=Start Oracle REST Data Services

After=oracle_has.service

[Service]

User=oracle
Environment=ORDS_CONFIG='/etc/ords/config'
Environment=JDK_JAVA_OPTIONS='-Dconfig.url=/work/dbtools-dev/config/'

ExecStart=/u01/app/ords/bin/ords serve --apex-images /u01/app/apex/images

StandardOutput=syslog

SyslogIdentifier=ords

[Install]

WantedBy=multi-user.target

EOF


18. 访问APEX

http://192.168.133.120:8080

apex.png

点击右下角的下箭头按钮,以管理员权限登录;不用工作区登录,之后,可以创建自己的工作区等等。
管理.png
管理1.png

到此,APEX23.2 安装完毕,可以尽情去使用低代码平台吧。


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