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[Oracle] 执行/u01/app/11.2.0/grid/root.sh报错

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发表于 2020-2-11 18:33:46 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
本帖最后由 橡皮草帽 于 2020-2-13 15:32 编辑

在redhat7.6环境下安装rac,grid安装成功后需要在rac1和rac2分别执行/u01/app/11.2.0/grid/root.sh脚本,遇到报错。

报错如下:

root@rac1 ~]# /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/root.sh
Performing root user operation for Oracle 11g
The following environment variables are set as:
    ORACLE_OWNER= grid
    ORACLE_HOME=  /u01/app/11.2.0/grid
Enter the full pathname of the local bin directory: [/usr/local/bin]:
   Copying dbhome to /usr/local/bin ...
   Copying oraenv to /usr/local/bin ...
   Copying coraenv to /usr/local/bin ...

Creating /etc/oratab file...
Entries will be added to the /etc/oratab file as needed by
Database Configuration Assistant when a database is created
Finished running generic part of root script.
Now product-specific root actions will be performed.
Using configuration parameter file: /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/crs/install/crsconfig_params
Creating trace directory
User ignored Prerequisites during installation
Installing Trace File Analyzer
Failed to create keys in the OLR, rc = 127, Message:
  /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/clscfg.bin: error while loading shared libraries: libcap.so.1: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory

Failed to create keys in the OLR at /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/crs/install/crsconfig_lib.pm line 7660.
[root@rac1 ~]# /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/perl/bin/perl -I/u01/app/11.2.0/grid/perl/lib -I/u01/app/11.2.0/grid/crs/install /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/crs/install/rootcrs.pl execution failed

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 楼主| 发表于 2020-2-11 18:37:56 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 橡皮草帽 于 2020-2-11 18:43 编辑

找不到
libcap.so.1 这个包

解决办法:
[root@rac1 ~]# cd /lib64/
[root@rac1 lib64]# ls -lrt libcap*
-rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 23968 Aug 15  2015 libcap-ng.so.0.0.0
-rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 20032 Mar  6  2017 libcap.so.2.22
lrwxrwxrwx. 1 root root    18 Feb 10 22:45 libcap-ng.so.0 -> libcap-ng.so.0.0.0
lrwxrwxrwx. 1 root root    14 Feb 10 22:45 libcap.so.2 -> libcap.so.2.22
[root@rac1 lib64]# ln -s libcap.so.2.22 libcap.so.1
[root@rac1 lib64]# ls -lrt libcap*                
-rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 23968 Aug 15  2015 libcap-ng.so.0.0.0
-rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 20032 Mar  6  2017 libcap.so.2.22
lrwxrwxrwx. 1 root root    18 Feb 10 22:45 libcap-ng.so.0 -> libcap-ng.so.0.0.0
lrwxrwxrwx. 1 root root    14 Feb 10 22:45 libcap.so.2 -> libcap.so.2.22
lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root    14 Feb 11 21:54 libcap.so.1 -> libcap.so.2.22

继续执行:
[root@rac1 ~]# /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/root.sh
Performing root user operation for Oracle 11g
The following environment variables are set as:
    ORACLE_OWNER= grid
    ORACLE_HOME=  /u01/app/11.2.0/grid
Enter the full pathname of the local bin directory: [/usr/local/bin]:
The contents of "dbhome" have not changed. No need to overwrite.
The contents of "oraenv" have not changed. No need to overwrite.
The contents of "coraenv" have not changed. No need to overwrite.
Entries will be added to the /etc/oratab file as needed by
Database Configuration Assistant when a database is created
Finished running generic part of root script.
Now product-specific root actions will be performed.
Using configuration parameter file: /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/crs/install/crsconfig_params
User ignored Prerequisites during installation
Installing Trace File Analyzer
OLR initialization - successful
  root wallet
  root wallet cert
  root cert export
  peer wallet
  profile reader wallet
  pa wallet
  peer wallet keys
  pa wallet keys
  peer cert request
  pa cert request
  peer cert
  pa cert
  peer root cert TP
  profile reader root cert TP
  pa root cert TP
  peer pa cert TP
  pa peer cert TP
  profile reader pa cert TP
  profile reader peer cert TP
  peer user cert
  pa user cert
Adding Clusterware entries to inittab
ohasd failed to start
Failed to start the Clusterware. Last 20 lines of the alert log follow:
2020-02-11 21:52:21.587:
[client(35527)]CRS-2101:The OLR was formatted using version 3.
2020-02-11 21:56:38.366:
[client(36602)]CRS-2101:The OLR was formatted using version 3.



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 楼主| 发表于 2020-2-11 18:41:37 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 橡皮草帽 于 2020-2-11 18:44 编辑
橡皮草帽 发表于 2020-2-11 18:37
解决办法:
[root@rac1 ~]# cd /lib64/
[root@rac1 lib64]# ls -lrt libcap*
提示错误并卡在此处,遇上了就不多说,直接另开一个会话窗口,在 root 用户下执行

Adding Clusterware entries to inittab
ohasd failed to start
Failed to start the Clusterware. Last 20 lines of the alert log follow:
2020-02-11 21:52:21.587:
[client(35527)]CRS-2101:The OLR was formatted using version 3.
2020-02-11 21:56:38.366:
[client(36602)]CRS-2101:The OLR was formatted using version 3.





解决办法:
[root@rac1 lib64]# /bin/dd if=/var/tmp/.oracle/npohasd of=/dev/null bs=1024 count=1
^C0+0 records in
0+0 records out
0 bytes (0 B) copied, 737.34 s, 0.0 kB/s

继续监控:
[root@rac1 ~]# /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/root.sh
Performing root user operation for Oracle 11g
The following environment variables are set as:
    ORACLE_OWNER= grid
    ORACLE_HOME=  /u01/app/11.2.0/grid
Enter the full pathname of the local bin directory: [/usr/local/bin]:
The contents of "dbhome" have not changed. No need to overwrite.
The contents of "oraenv" have not changed. No need to overwrite.
The contents of "coraenv" have not changed. No need to overwrite.
Entries will be added to the /etc/oratab file as needed by
Database Configuration Assistant when a database is created
Finished running generic part of root script.
Now product-specific root actions will be performed.
Using configuration parameter file: /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/crs/install/crsconfig_params
User ignored Prerequisites during installation
Installing Trace File Analyzer
OLR initialization - successful
  root wallet
  root wallet cert
  root cert export
  peer wallet
  profile reader wallet
  pa wallet
  peer wallet keys
  pa wallet keys
  peer cert request
  pa cert request
  peer cert
  pa cert
  peer root cert TP
  profile reader root cert TP
  pa root cert TP
  peer pa cert TP
  pa peer cert TP
  profile reader pa cert TP
  profile reader peer cert TP
  peer user cert
  pa user cert
Adding Clusterware entries to inittab
ohasd failed to start
Failed to start the Clusterware. Last 20 lines of the alert log follow:
2020-02-11 21:52:21.587:
[client(35527)]CRS-2101:The OLR was formatted using version 3.
2020-02-11 21:56:38.366:
[client(36602)]CRS-2101:The OLR was formatted using version 3.

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.mdnsd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.mdnsd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.gpnpd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.gpnpd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'rac1'
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.gipcd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.gipcd' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.cssd' on 'rac1'
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.diskmon' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.diskmon' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.cssd' on 'rac1' succeeded
ASM created and started successfully.
Disk Group ocr created successfully.
clscfg: -install mode specified
Successfully accumulated necessary OCR keys.
Creating OCR keys for user 'root', privgrp 'root'..
Operation successful.
CRS-4256: Updating the profile
Successful addition of voting disk a10435e37bde4f79bf1cd725ccd807d0.
Successfully replaced voting disk group with +ocr.
CRS-4256: Updating the profile
CRS-4266: Voting file(s) successfully replaced
##  STATE    File Universal Id                File Name Disk group
--  -----    -----------------                --------- ---------
1. ONLINE   a10435e37bde4f79bf1cd725ccd807d0 (/dev/asmdisk01) [OCR]
Located 1 voting disk(s).
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.asm' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.asm' on 'rac1' succeeded
CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.OCR.dg' on 'rac1'
CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.OCR.dg' on 'rac1' succeeded
Preparing packages...
cvuqdisk-1.0.9-1.x86_64
Configure Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Cluster ... succeeded

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发表于 2020-2-11 20:31:29 | 显示全部楼层
环境是什么呢,比如操作系统是什么,数据库版本是什么,在安装什么,比如RAC等,没有太看明白。
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